lnformation on kefir, and recipe details

lnformation on kefir, and recipe details

by Homebrewer Sue

This recipe is for the cultured milk product Kefir. There is a lot of information available for the health conscious person on this fermented milk product, including Kefir water, Kefir tea, etc. but we will focus our energy here on culturing good wholesome milk as Kefir. Although this fermented milk may be centuries old, it was not introduced to the western world at large until the late 19th century. Discovered in the Caucasus due to the very long life expectancy, it seemed to provide for those people that drank it.

What is Kefir:
Kefir is not so familiar to folks in America but in many traditional cultures fermented milk products such as Kefir and Yogurt have been prepared at home for centuries. Culturing fresh milk into Kefir makes the nutritional factors in the milk, such as vitamins and minerals, extremely bio-available so your body can easily absorb and digest them.
Kefir contains a complex culture of many healthy, hearty bacterial strains, passed down from family to family for centuries.

Kefir can be made as a mild and thick textured milk for drinking or making into "Smoothies" or other delicious beverages as well as a more tangy thicker version that can be drained as a cheese wonderful treat similar to "Greek style" drained yogurt or even molded into a cheese and ripened further for several days or weeks. Some folks have even used the Kefir culture with rennet in making a Kefir cheese, which will use not only the lactose working bacteria but also the yeast and other Kefir components.

Why Make Kefir:
So often we get comments from folks who would like to make yogurt from raw milk but do not want to increase the temperature high enough to damage the natural milk bacteria and enzymes.
Kefir is the solution! Make Kefir from this milk instead of Yogurt.
In making Kefir nothing really gets heated higher than the temperature of mama cow. This means that all of the bacteria and enzymes you have spent so much time to get in your raw milk will not be destroyed in the final Kefir product.

Comparing Kefir to Yogurt:
In addition to lactic fermentation Kefir also undergoes alcoholic fermentation caused by the presence of yeast, which yields this sourish, yeasty, sparkling, refreshing end product. Also as mentioned above Yogurt production involves temperatures that destroy the natural enzymes and bacteria of raw milk whereas Kefir temperatures are low enough to preserve these.

Kefir from grains or "Direct Set" culture:
In making Kefir you have 2 options to consider for your first batch of Kefir. Traditionally people would save the granular bits that formed at the bottom of the Kefir jar to begin a new batch with fresh milk. Todays option is to use special culture powders that will always guarantee the same degree of activity. Since we are most interested in our customers having consistent results from batch to batch we have chosen to provide this "Direct Set".

  • The Kefir grains may produce a more complex product but they need to be re-cultured in a timely manner to keep the Kefir going. This does not always fit into peoples schedules in our modern times
  • Our Direct set NEWC45 Kefir culture can made at any time from the culture packs and yet can be re-cultured if desired for many generations. Our Kefir culture contains the following bacteria and yeast that will produce a wonderful consistent Kefir:
    l. cremoris, l. plantarum, s. lactis, s. cremoris, s. diacelilactis, saccharomyces kefir.

How to make Kefir:
Making Kefir is actually easier than making yogurt. In making traditional yogurt a step is needed to release the whey proteins for a thick textured Yogurt by increasing temperature to 185F and holding it there for 10 to 20 minutes . This will destroy all of the natural enzymes and bacteria found in raw milk since this is in excess of even normal pasteurization temperature.
When making Kefir

  • One Gallon of milk is only mildly heated (86F) preserving these enzymes and bacteria. Some folks suggest doing this at room temp but we find that 86F is the optimum temp to start the cultures activity. It can then be allowed to cool to room temp as the milk ripens in the final step.
  • Transfer the milk to a sanitized container then add 1 pack of our culture (NEWC45) and stir well into the warm milk.
    NOTE: 
    if you have a fresh batch of Kefir already made up, you can add about 1-1.5 tablespoons of this per quart of milk. You can continue doing this for several generations until the Kefir begins to change in character. Our C46 Kefir is easier to do this with than the C45 Kefir culture.
  • This is then covered allowed to ripen at room temperature (68-72F) for 8 to 18 hours or more depending on the character you would like in your Kefir.
    Longer time and warmer temps will make a more tangy tasting Kefir.
    With each batch you make, adjust the time until you get it just the way you like it.
  • Time and temperature are the two control factors that determine the thickness and taste of your Kefir. In the warmer months Kefir may be ready to drink in 18 hours. If allowed too ripen too long at higher room temperature, it will become acidic, thick, and eventually the whey will begin to separate. If your Kefir is "lumpy" and too sour, it has ripened too long or at too high a temperature. It should be creamy and perhaps a little thicker than milk. At this point, shake it well and place the Kefir into your refrigerator. It will thicken a little more since the culture will continue to do its work, but at a much slower pace.
The following photographs show some of the variations of Kefir ripening times that you can experiment with to find the perfect style for you and your family.
Here I have set up a ripening environment in a temp controlled (aquarium heater) water bath to observe the character of several ripening times and their final textures and flavors. I have used a pH meter to monitor the progress of the cultures along the way. The right hand photograph show 2 of the final products at 8 hrs and 48 hour ripening times.
This creamy Kefir has been ripened for 8 hours. This is a Kefir ripened for 48 hours developing a definite curd which I have ladled into a draining cloth.
After 6 hours of draining 1/3 of the Kefir volume has drained off as a very tangy whey. This whey can be used as a nice cool beverage or in cooking instead of water for soups, stews, etc. The final drained Kefir is now ready to chill and eat

Kefir as you like it:
The final Kefir can be more or less acidic as you might prefer it by simply increasing or decreasing the time you allow it to ripen. 8 hours will produce a mild acid flavor and a smooth milky consistency where a 12 hour or longer ripening period will produce a thicker and tangier flavor.
In making test batches of Kefir here I have allowed the milk to ripen for different time periods ranging from 6 to 48 hours with the results shown below.

  • At 6 hours this is a mild fermented milk that flows just a bit thicker than unfermented milk but contains all of the good things in the Kefir (pH is greater than 5.3).
  • At 12 hours the milk develops a nice tang from the culture activity and has become much thicker (pH of 5.1 to 4.7).
  • At 24 to 48 hours, the milk becomes much thicker and forms a good soft curd. The flavor has a wonderfully refreshing acidity (pH is now as low as 4.3-4.5).

Kefir Cheese:
This cheese follows in the path of Lebnah, a drained yogurt cheese. 
With the longer ripened, more acidic kefir above, the curd becomes firm enough to drain through a double layer of butter muslin. This will allow about 1/3 of the volume to drain off as whey and the curd now becomes a very thick curd which can be used with fruit similar to the greek styled drained yogurt. I like this drained Kefir better because of its more complex flavor.
Another approach is to drain the Kefir to the point that the thick curds can be rolled into small balls and allowed to air dry a bit and form a dry rind (usually requiring air movement such as a small fan). When dry enough these can even be mixed with olive oil and herbs for a real treat.

Trouble-Shooting:
If the milk does not thicken into kefir or the kefir turns out too thin here are a few point to consider to find out why:
1) the milk may have gotten too cool during the ripening period,
2) the milk may have cooled down too much before you added the culture,
3) you may have not put enough starter from the previous kefir batch in the milk (usually 1 to 2 tablespoons of the previous culture per quart of milk will be adequate),
4) your starter may have been too old and no longer active (the kefir culture is usually good for 7 to 10 days, sometimes longer),
5) you may have accidentally overheated the milk together with the culture, which kills the culture, or
6) everything may be fine except that you may need to let the milk culture longer to be a firmer texture (12 to 24 hours).

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ONLY A FEW LEFT!", "checkout_text": "Secured and trusted checkout with", "quick_view_details": "View details", "open_light_gallery": "Click here to open gallery images" }, "upsell": { "recommend_text": "Someone purchased a", "minute_ago": "minutes ago" } }, "gift_cards": { "issued": { "title_html": "Here's your [[ value ]] gift card for [[ shop ]]!", "subtext": "Your gift card", "disabled": "Disabled", "expired": "Expired on [[ expiry ]]", "active": "Expires on [[ expiry ]]", "redeem_html": "Use this code at checkout to redeem your [[ value ]] gift card", "shop_link": "Start shopping", "print": "Print this gift card", "remaining_html": "[[ balance ]] left", "add_to_apple_wallet": "Add to Apple Wallet" } }, "date_formats": { "month_day_year": "%B %d, %Y" } }, "fr":{ "general": { "field": { "required": "Requis", "actions": "Les actes", "top_btn": "Haut" }, "accessibility": { "skip_to_content": "Passer au contenu", "close_modal": "Fermer (Esc)" }, "meta": { "tags": "Mots clés \"[[ tags ]]\"", "page": "Page [[ page ]]" }, "404": { "title": "404 - Page non trouvée", "subtext": "Cette page n'est pas disponible.", "link": "Retourner au magasinage" }, "pagination": { "previous": "Précédent", "next": "Suivant", "current_page": "Page [[ current ]] sur [[ total ]]" }, "password_page": { "opening_soon": "Bientôt ouvert", "login_form_heading": "Accéder à la boutique à l'aide d'un mot de passe", "login_form_password_label": "Mot de passe", "login_form_password_placeholder": "Votre mot de passe", "login_form_submit": "Entrer", "signup_form_email_label": "Courriel", "signup_form_success": "Nous vous ferons parvenir un courriel juste avant l'ouverture!", "password_link": "Entrer avec un mot de passe", "powered_by_shopify_html": "Cette boutique sera propulsée par [[ shopify ]]" }, "social": { "share_on_facebook": "Partager", "share_on_twitter": "Tweeter", "share_on_pinterest": "Épingler", "alt_text": { "share_on_facebook": "Partager sur Facebook", "share_on_twitter": "Tweeter sur Twitter", "share_on_pinterest": "Épingler sur Pinterest" } }, "search": { "no_results_html": "Votre recherche pour \"[[ terms ]]\" n'a pas généré de résultats.", "results_with_count": { "one": "[[ count ]] résultat pour \"[[ terms ]]\"", "other": "[[ count ]] résultats pour \"[[ terms ]]\"" }, "title": "Effectuez une recherche", "placeholder": "Recherche", "submit": "Recherche", "close": "Fermer (esc)" }, "newsletter_form": { "newsletter_email": "Join our mailing list", "email_placeholder": "Adresse courriel", "confirmation": "Merci pour votre abonnement", "submit": "S'inscrire", "show_me_text": "Ne me montre plus" }, "filters": { "show_more": "Voir plus", "show_less": "Afficher moins" }, "breadcrumbs": { "home": "Accueil", "create_account": "Créer un compte", "account": "Compte", "addresses": "Adresses" }, "item": { "remove": "Retirer l'objet" } }, "sections": { "header": { "top_header_login": "S'identifier", "top_header_register": "Registre", "top_header_wishlist": "Liste de souhaits", "register_dropdown": "Pas de compte? Créer un ici", "forgot": "Mot de passe oublié", "all_collection": "Toutes les collections", "world_wide_delivery": "Livraison à l'échelle mondiale", "shipping_text": "Livraison gratuite au Royaume-Uni sur des commandes de plus de 100 £", "hot_line": "Hot line" }, "menu": { "mobile_menu_tab": "Menu", "mobile_account_tab": "Compte", "mobile_settings_tab": "Paramètres" }, "slideshow": { "next_slide": "Diapositive suivante", "previous_slide": "Diapositive précédente", "pause_slideshow": "Mettre en pause le diaporama", "play_slideshow": "Jouer le diaporama", "play_video": "Lire la vidéo", "close_video": "Fermer la vidéo" }, "map": { "get_directions": "Obtenir des directions", "address_error": "Vous ne trouvez pas cette adresse", "address_no_results": "Aucun résultat pour cette adresse" } }, "blogs": { "article": { "view_all": "Voir toutes", "all_topics": "Tous les sujets", "by_author": "par [[ author ]]", "posted_in": "Publié dans", "read_more": "Plus", "back_to_blog": "Retour à [[ title ]]" }, "comments": { "title": "Laissez un commentaire", "name": "Nom", "email": "Courriel", "message": "Message", "post": "Publier le commentaire", "moderated": "Veuillez noter que les commentaires doivent être approvés avant d'être affichés", "success_moderated": "Votre commentaire a été soumis avec succès. Nous le publierons sous peu, suite à notre processus de modération.", "success": "Votre commentaire a été publié avec succès!", "comments_with_count": { "one": "[[ count ]] commentaire", "other": "[[ count ]] commentaires" } } }, "cart": { "general": { "title": "Panier", "note": "Ajouter une note à votre commande", "remove": "Retirer", "subtotal": "Sous-total", "savings": "Vous économisez", "shipping_at_checkout": "Frais de port et remises calculés à la caisse", "update": "Mettre à jour", "checkout": "Procéder au paiement", "empty": "Votre panier est vide.", "cookies_required": "Activer les cookies pour utiliser le panier", "cancel": "Annuler", "edit": "Éditer", "continue_shopping": "Continuer vos achats", "view_and_edit_cart": "Afficher et modifier le panier", "processing": "En traitement...", "items_count_label" : "[[ count ]] article(s) dans votre panier", "ok" : "D'accord", "empty_page_title": "Le panier d'achat est vide", "empty_continue_html": "Cliquer ici pour poursuivre vos achats.", "clear": "Vider le panier", "recently_added_item": "Article (s) récemment ajouté (s)", "remove_item": "Enlever cet article", "here": "ici" }, "label": { "product": "Produit", "price": "Prix", "quantity": "Quantité", "total": "Total", "total_item": "Total de l'élément", "sub_total_top": "Sous-total du panier" } }, "collections": { "general": { "view_all": "Voir toutes", "clear_all": "Tout Supprimer", "no_matches": "Aucun produit ne correspond à votre recherche.", "items_with_count": { "one": "[[ count ]] item", "other": "[[ count ]] items" }, "load_more": "Charger plus", "sidebar_btn": "Filtrer par" }, "sorting": { "title": "Trier par", "manual": "En vedette", "best_selling": "Meilleurs vendeurs", "title_ascending": "A-Z", "title_descending": "Z-A", "price_ascending": "Prix: faible à élevé", "price_descending": "Prix: élevé à faible", "created_descending": "Date: récent à ancien", "created_ascending": "Date: ancien à récent" }, "filters": { "title_tags": "Filtrer", "all_tags": "Tous les produits", "categories": "Les catégories", "title": "Filtre", "color": "Couleur", "size": "Taille", "brand": "Marque", "price": "Prix", "green": "Vert", "blue": "Bleu", "red": "Rouge", "pink": "Rose", "black": "Noir", "purple": "Violet", "white": "Blanc", "orange": "Orange" }, "product_item": { "quick_shop": "Aperçu rapide", "compare": "Comparer", "wishlist": "Ajouter à la liste de souhaits" } }, "contact": { "form": { "name": "Nom", "email": "Courriel", "phone": "Téléphone", "message": "Message", "submit": "Envoyer", "post_success": "Merci de nous avoir avoir contacté. Nous vous reviendrons le plus rapidement possible.", "address": "Adresse", "telephone": "Téléphone", "title": "Écrivez-nous", "required": "Requis" } }, "customer": { "account": { "title": "Mon compte", "details": "Détails du compte", "view_addresses": "Voir les adresses", "return": "Retour aux détails du compte" }, "activate_account": { "title": "Activer le compte", "subtext": "Créez votre mot de passe pour activer le compte.", "submit": "Activer le compte", "cancel": "Refuser l'invitation", "password": "Mot de passe", "password_confirm": "Confirmer le mot de passe" }, "addresses": { "title": "Votre adresse", "default": "Par défaut", "add_new": "Ajouter une nouvelle adresse", "edit_address": "Éditer l'adresse", "first_name": "Prénom", "last_name": "Nom", "company": "Compagnie", "address1": "Adresse 1", "address2": "Adresse 2", "city": "Ville", "country": "Pays", "province": "Province", "zip": "Code postal", "phone": "Téléphone", "set_default": "Définir comme adresse par défaut", "add": "Ajouter l'adresse", "update": "Mettre à jour l'adresse", "cancel": "Annuler", "edit": "Éditer", "delete": "Supprimer", "delete_confirm": "Êtes-vous certain(e) de vouloir supprimer cette adresse?" }, "login": { "title": "Connexion", "desc": "Si vous avez un compte, connectez-vous avec votre adresse e-mail.", "email": "Courriel", "password": "Mot de passe", "forgot_password": "Mot de passe oublié?", "sign_in": "Se connecter", "guest_title": "Continuer en tant qu'invité", "guest_continue": "Continuer" }, "orders": { "title": "Historique des commandes", "order_number": "Commande", "date": "Date", "payment_status": "Statut du paiement", "fulfillment_status": "Statut du traitement de la commande", "total": "Total", "none": "Vous n'avez pas placé de commande à ce jour." }, "order": { "title": "Commande [[ name ]]", "date": "Placée le [[ date ]]", "cancelled": "Commande annulée le [[ date ]]", "cancelled_reason": "Motif: [[ reason ]]", "billing_address": "Adresse de facturation", "payment_status": "Statut du paiement", "shipping_address": "Adresse de livraison", "fulfillment_status": "Statut du traitement de la commande", "discount": "Rabais appliqué", "shipping": "Livraison", "tax": "Taxes", "product": "Produit", "sku": "SKU", "price": "Prix", "quantity": "Quantité", "total": "Total", "fulfilled_at": "Traitée le [[ date ]]", "subtotal": "Sous-total" }, "recover_password": { "title": "Réinitialiser votre mot de passe", "email": "Courriel", "submit": "Soumettre", "cancel": "Annuler", "subtext": "Nous vous ferons parvenir un courriel pour réinitialiser votre mot de passe.", "success": "Nous vous avons fait parvenir un courriel pour réinitialiser votre mot de passe." }, "reset_password": { "title": "Réinitialiser le mot de passe du compte", "subtext": "Entrez un nouveau mot de passe pour [[ email ]]", "submit": "Réinitialiser le mot de passe", "password": "Mot de passe", "password_confirm": "Confirmer le mot de passe" }, "register": { "title": "Créer un compte", "first_name": "Prénom", "last_name": "Nom", "email": "Courriel", "submit": "Créer", "password": "Mot de passe", "desc": "La création d'un compte est simple. Remplissez le formulaire ci-dessous." } }, "homepage": { "onboarding": { "product_title": "Le nom de votre produit", "product_description": "Cette partie est utilisée pour la fiche du produit. Parlez aux clients de l'allure, du ressenti et du style de votre produit. Ajoutez des détails sur la couleur, les matériaux utilisés, le dimensionnement, et où il a été fabriqué.", "collection_title": "Le nom de votre collection", "blog_title": "Le titre de votre publication", "blog_excerpt": "Votre magasin n'a encore rien bloggué. Un blog peut être utilisé pour parler des lancements de nouveaux produits, d'astuces, ou d'autres nouvelles que vous voulez partager avec vos clients. Vous pouvez regarder le blog d'e-commerce de Shopify pour trouver de l'inspiration et des conseils pour votre propre magasin et blog.", "blog_author": "Nom de l'auteur", "no_content": "Cette section ne contient actuellement aucun contenu. Ajoutez-en en utilisant la barre latérale." } }, "layout": { "navigation": { "search": "Recherche", "toggle": "développer\/réduire", "expand": "révéler", "collapse": "fermer", "all_categories": "toutes catégories" }, "cart": { "title": "Panier", "items_count": { "one": "item", "other": "items" } }, "customer": { "account": "Compte", "log_out": "Se déconnecter", "logout": "Se déconnecter", "log_in": "Se connecter", "create_account": "Créer un compte", "sign_up": "S'inscrire", "wishlist": "Liste de souhaits" }, "footer": { "social_platform": "[[ name ]] sur [[ platform ]]" }, "list_page": { "grid": "La grille", "list": "Liste" } }, "products": { "product": { "regular_price": "Prix régulier", "sold_out": "Épuisé", "unavailable": "Non disponible", "on_sale": "Solde", "quantity": "Quantité", "add_to_cart": "Ajouter au panier", "back_to_collection": "Retour à [[ title ]]", "related_title": "Produits connexes", "qty_increase": "Augmenter", "qty_decrease": "Diminution", "deal_days": "Journées", "deal_hours": "Heures", "deal_minutes": "Minutes", "deal_second": "Seconde", "select_option": "Sélectionner une option", "add_to_wishlist": "Ajouter à la liste de souhaits", "add_to_review": "Ajouter à la critique", "first_review": "Soyez le premier avis", "compare_success_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a ajouté à la boîte de comparaison réussie", "compare_exist_msg": "[[ product_title ]] existe dans la boîte de comparaison", "compare_cart_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a ajouté à la liste de souhaits réussie", "compare_remove_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a été supprimé de la boîte de comparaison", "comparing_box": "Boîte de comparaison", "compare_no_items": "Il n'y a aucun élément dans la boîte de comparaison", "wishlist_success_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a ajouté à la liste de souhaits réussie", "wishlist_exist_msg": "[[ product_title ]] existe dans la liste de souhaits", "wishlist_cart_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a ajouté au panier", "wishlist_box": "Liste de souhaits", "wishlist_remove_msg": "[[ product_title ]] a été retiré de la liste de souhaits", "wislist_no_items": "Il n'y a aucun élément dans la liste de souhaits", "upsell_cart_msg": "\"[[ product_title ]]\" a ajouté à la liste de souhaits réussie", "upsell_block_title": "Souvent acheté avec \"[[ product_title ]]\"", "upsell_cart_qty": "[[ count ]] article", "upsell_product_page_title": "Vous aimerez peut-être aussi ces produits", "upsell_checkout_btn": "Caisse", "share": "Partager le produit", "share_on_facebook": "Partager sur Facebook", "share_on_twitter": "Partager sur Twitter", "share_on_pinterest": "Partager sur Pinterest", "share_on_google": "Partager sur Google+", "share_on_linkedin": "Partager sur LinkedIn", "availability": "Disponibilité", "in_stock": "En stock", "out_of_stock": "En rupture de stock", "quick_overview": "Rapide vue d'ensemble", "details": "Détails", "reviews": "Avis", "tags": "Tags du produit", "options": "Les options", "vendor": "Vendeur", "features": "Les traits", "size_chart": "Tableau des tailles", "sale_left_text":"[[ sales ]] VENDU. SE DÉPÊCHER! SEULEMENT QUELQUES GAUCHE!", "checkout_text": "Paiement sécurisé et approuvé avec", "quick_view_details": "Voir les détails", "open_light_gallery": "Cliquez ici pour ouvrir les images de la galerie" }, "upsell": { "recommend_text": "Quelqu'un a acheté un", "minute_ago": "il y a quelques minutes" } }, "gift_cards": { "issued": { "title_html": "Votre carte-cadeau [[ shop ]] d'une valeur de [[ value ]]!", "subtext": "Voici votre carte-cadeau!", "disabled": "Désactivée", "expired": "Expirée le [[ expiry ]]", "active": "Expire le [[ expiry ]]", "redeem_html": "Entrez ce code lors du paiement pour utiliser votre [[ value ]] carte-cadeau", "shop_link": "Boutique", "print": "Imprimer ce bon d'achat", "remaining_html": "[[ balance ]] restant", "add_to_apple_wallet": "Ajouter à Apple Wallet" } }, "date_formats": { "month_day_year": "%d %B, %Y" } } } Get Discount