An American offspring of Hallertau, Crystal has a similarly mild aroma with floral and spice notes. However, the spice notes can be more prominent in Crystal than in Hallertau or other Hallertau offspring, contributing slight cinnamon, nutmeg, or pepper notes. Crystal is both very popular and increasingly popular among craft brewers, who most commonly use it in light American ales and continental style lagers. To preserve freshness, all BSG HandCraft hops are packaged in nitrogen-flushed, oxygen- and light-barrier foil packages.
Despite a relatively low yield, Crystal’s has made it a fairly popular hop. It’s woodsy, green, floral and fruity with herb and spice notes of cinnamon, nutmeg and black pepper. Extremely versatile, it’s even used for its notable aromatic qualities in IPAs and Bitters despite its low alpha acid content.
First bred in 1983, it has an interesting lineage with roots extending back to Hallertau, Cascade, Brewer’s Gold and Early Green. Commercially it is used in a great variety of beers from RogueBrutal Bitters to Mountain Sun’s Belgian Dip Chocolate Stout.
|Also Known As|
|Characteristics||Woody, floral and fruity with spice notes of cinnamon, nutmeg and black pepper|
|Alpha Acid Composition||2.8%-4.4%|
|Beta Acid Composition||5.8%-7%|
|Yield Amount||2020-2460 kg/hectare (1800-2200 lbs/acre)|
|Growth Rate||Very high|
|Resistant to||Resistant to verticillium wilt|
|Susceptible to||Moderately susceptible to downy mildew|
|Storability||Retains 65% alpha acid after 6 months storage at 20ºC (68ºF)|
|East of Harvest|
|Total Oil Composition||0.82 mL/100g|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||47%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||26%|
|Farnesene Oil||Trace Amounts|
|Substitutes||Liberty, Mount Hood, German Hallertau, Ultra, Strisselspalter, Hersbrucker|
|Style Guide||Bitter, Pilsner, Light Lager, Golden Ale, Nut Brown Ale, Pale Ale, India Pale Ale, Stout, Chocolate Stout, American Lager|