Columbus Hop Pellets (US)


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Columbus (US) Hop Pellets, 1 oz Pungent "American Hop" Aroma, High alpha hop. Some say that it has an onion/garlic/dank character that for many years defined the American IPA style. Usage: Dual Typical Beer Styles: US IPA, APA, Stout, Barley Wine. Origin: US Typical Alpha Acid: 14-16% Possible Substitutions: Chinook, Northern Brewer, Nugget, U.K. Target

The exact lineage of the proprietary hop Columbus is unknown. Its namesake was created in part as the result of a legal dispute between Hopunion and Yakima Chief when both parties attempted to patent the same hop. Yakima Chief’s variety was named Tomahawk®. After an agreement was reached, both names were registered. They are technically the same hop however.

Originally bred by Charles (Chuck) Zimmerman as part of a USDA breeding program sometime in the 1970’s, Columbus is sometimes referred to at CTZ (Columbus, Tomahawk® and Zues) though it is genetically distinct from Zues hops.

It features a punchy hoppiness and deep, pensive aroma with understated citrus notes—perfect as a dual use hop. Commonly used late in the boil and, when fresh, Columbus has a herbal flavor with a lemon citrus back note. Usable in a number of styles, notably American-style ales.

Also Known As Tomahawk®, CTZ
Characteristics Tomahawk®, CTZ
Purpose Bittering & Aroma
Alpha Acid Composition 14%-18%
Beta Acid Composition 4.5%-6%
Co-Humulone Composition 28%-35%
Country US
Cone Size Medium to large
Cone Density Compact
Seasonal Maturity Mid to late
Yield Amount 2000-2500 kg/hectare (1780-2230 lbs/acre)
Growth Rate Moderate to high
Resistant to
Susceptible to Susceptible to downy mildew and powdery mildew
Storability Retains 50%-60% alpha acid after 6 months storage at 20ºC (68ºF)
East of Harvest Difficult
Total Oil Composition 1.5-4.5 mL/100g
Myrcene Oil Composition 25%-55%
Humulene Oil Composition 9%-25%
Caryophyllene Oil 6%-12%
Farnesene Oil 0%-1%
Substitutes Zeus, Chinook, Northern Brewer, Nugget, Target, Warrior®, Millenium, Bullion
Style Guide Imperial Brown Ale, Barley Wine, Imperial Stout, American Ales, Stout

Tags: Hop Pellets | Hops | Hops (Dual-Purpose) | Hops (US) |